The biological, biogeochemical and the marine conservation and biodiversity communities have been impressed by the progress in large-scale physical observation of the ocean as well as smaller scale observations in coastal/nearshore areas. Many new technologies hold promise to extend such time series observations and/or larger scale observations to biological systems that are critical to understanding, conserving and managing marine ecosystems.

Several new international developments argue for increased attention to observing biological systems. First, UN Sustainable Development Goal 14, Life Below Water, focuses on ensuring the sustainability of food resources from the ocean, but also connects these resources to the health of non-food biological resources (i.e., ecosystem health). Determining the health of ecosystems, understanding the impact of climate change – as well as other human impacts — on these ecosystems, and determining the impact that marine protected areas and other forms of marine management of ecosystems have on sustainability are all key to achieving SDG14. Second, the Paris Agreement, mentions oceans as a key element of climate stability for the first time in the UNFCCC framework. While the Agreement is focused primarily on physical climate, biological systems are a key part of the uptake of CO₂ by the ocean and we have few tools to examine the changes in uptake as a result of climate change. Third, the Science Ministers of the G7 nations recently called for more attention to ocean observation systems, including biological observations.

The societal benefits of policy and management decisions based on rich data sets concerning ocean food resources, ocean biological interactions with the carbon/climate system, as well as the many other biological ocean benefits – bio/ecotourism, resilience to marine biohazards like harmful algal blooms, etc. all argue that POGO should investigate and promote biological observations of the global ocean as well as physical observations.

How the Biological Observations Task Force contributes to POGO priority areas

Discussions of the potential for ocean observations to assist with marine biological conservation in general, and monitoring of MPAs specifically, were held during POGO-16 and POGO-17. Initial discussions of biological observing systems were held during POGO-18. These workshops were greeted enthusiastically and were well-attended. A consensus of members and guests at POGO-18 called for further development of POGO’s understanding of the state of biological observing technology for moorings, AUVs and other persistent observing systems and as assessment of the ways in which POGO could promote biological observing technologies and strategies.

Latest News from this Task Force:

International Virtual Conference on the use of Environmental DNA (eDNA) in Marine Environments: Opportunities and Challenges
International Virtual Conference on the use of Environmental DNA (eDNA) in Marine Environments: Opportunities and Challenges

Status: Active Taskforce

Year: 2017- 2021

Members involved

Partners involved

Taskforce Participants


  • Margaret Leinen, UC San Diego/Scripps Institution of Oceanography US


  • Jesse Ausubel, Rockefeller University, USA
  • Jules Jaffe, UC San Diego/Scripps Institution of Oceanography, US
  • Chris Scholin, Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, US
  • Yoshihisa Shirayama, JAMSTEC, Japan
  • Willie Wilson, MBA, UK
  • Guest contributor: Francisco Chavez, Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, US
  • Guest contributor: Neil Davies, UC Berkeley and Gump Station/Moorea, US
  • Guest contributor: Julie Robidart, National Oceanography Centre, UK

Related Training Initiatives

International Virtual Conference on the use of Environmental DNA (eDNA) in Marine Environments: Opportunities and Challenges

POGO Workshop on Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence in Biological Oceanographic Observations

Taskforce links

Related documents

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